Immigration to Japan
Japan is a land of immigration, with only two million foreigners
on its soil arrived in two waves, Koreans and Chinese during
the colonial period in the country, then Asia and Latin
America from the 1980s.
These two million immigrants account for only 1.6% of the
population of Japan, while the United States has 35 million
people born overseas (12% of the population) and Eastern
Europe West 32 million (10%).
The first wave of immigration that arrived during the years
of Japanese colonial rule in Korea, Taiwan and mainland
China. The inhabitants of these regions are then came to
work in Japan, often against their will, especially in the
1930s and until the defeat of 1945.
When the Japanese Empire was dissolved, these immigrant
colonies have lost Japanese nationality and resumed their
original nationality, but many remained in the archipelago.
Some of these immigrants or their descendants have since
adopted Japanese nationality. But some 500,000 of them are
foreigners in Japan with the status of "special permanent
Installed for several generations, speak and write fluent
Japanese, but often suffer discrimination, they are the
"oldcomers" (from old).
In contrast, the "newcomers" (newcomers) are
economic migrants who have arrived since the 1980s. Among
them, South Koreans and Chinese, but also Filipino, Thai
Arriving at a time when small Japanese companies began
running out of manpower, this second wave of immigration
has caused a debate on the arrival of foreigners in Japan.
In 1990, the government ruled in favoring the arrival of
foreign populations of Japanese settled in Latin America.
The idea of ??power was to reconcile the arrival of labor
with the maintenance of the desired "harmony"
of a homogeneous nation.